Radiology Journal Articles

Imaging of Cerebrovascular Disease in Pregnancy and the Puerperium

The purpose of this article is to review the unique physiologic changes that characterize pregnancy and the puerperium, some that substantially affect the cerebrovascular system. Conditions that can cause neurologic deterioration and share features with preeclampsia-eclampsia include postpartum angiopathy, reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndr ...

CT of Major Vascular Injury in Blunt Abdominopelvic Trauma

Blunt abdominopelvic trauma remains one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality nationwide. Delays in diagnosis can be catastrophic, underscoring the crucial importance of prompt injury detection. Identification of vascular injuries in the setting of blunt abdominal trauma can pose a diagnostic challenge, as detection is reliant on appropr ...

Revised Atlanta Classification for Acute Pancreatitis: A Pictorial Essay

The 2012 revised Atlanta classification is an update of the original 1992 Atlanta classification, a standardized clinical and radiologic nomenclature for acute pancreatitis and associated complications based on research advances made over the past 2 decades. Acute pancreatitis is now divided into two distinct subtypes, necrotizing pancreatitis and ...

Follow the Stream: Imaging of Urinary Diversions

Urinary diversion is a surgical technique to redirect the stream of urine, most often after cystectomy. Cystectomy may be performed both for benign and for malignant conditions. Bladder cancer is the most common indication for cystectomy, and most patients who undergo radical cystectomy and urinary diversion have muscle-invasive or high-risk non-mu ...

Imaging of Conductive Hearing Loss With a Normal Tympanic Membrane

This article presents an approach to imaging conductive hearing loss in patients with normal tympanic membranes and discusses entities that should be checked as the radiologist evaluates this potentially complicated issue. Conductive hearing loss in a patient with a normal tympanic membrane is a complicated condition that requires a careful imaging ...

Fat-containing Retroperitoneal Lesions: Imaging Characteristics, Localization, and Differential Diagnosis

The complex anatomy of the retroperitoneum is reflected in the spectrum of neoplastic and nonneoplastic conditions that can occur in the retroperitoneum and appear as soft-tissue masses. The presence of fat within a retroperitoneal lesion is helpful in refining the differential diagnosis. Fat is easily recognized because of its characteristic imagi ...

Spectrum of Benign Articular and Periarticular Findings at FDG PET/CT

Whole-body fluorine 18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron-emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) is performed primarily for oncologic indications; however, FDG uptake is not specific for malignancy. Herein we focus on causes of increased FDG uptake in and around joints, as lesions in these locations are commonly benign. A combination of ...

Emergency Thoracic US: The Essentials

Acute thoracic symptoms are common among adults visiting emergency departments in the United States. Adults with these symptoms constitute a large burden on the overall resources used in the emergency department. The wide range of possible causes can make a definitive diagnosis challenging, even after clinical evaluation and initial laboratory test ...

A Pictorial Review of Changes in the BI-RADS Fifth Edition

Initially developed in 1993, the American College of Radiology Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) lexicon serves to standardize breast imaging reports, improve communication with referring physicians, and provide a quality assurance tool. The long-awaited BI-RADS fifth edition consolidates, improves, and expands the lexicon for mamm ...

Arteriovenous Fistulas and Their Characteristic Sites of Stenosis

In the United States, more than 250,000 patients with end-stage renal disease are dialyzed through arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs). The three most common AVFs are the radiocephalic fistula, the brachiocephalic fistula, and the brachial artery-to-transposed basilic vein fistula. Although many potential access site stenoses can and do occur within any ...