Hashimoto M, Itoh K, Takeda K, Shibata T, Okada T, Okuno Y, Hino M
Precise preoperative assessment of the vascular and biliary anatomy is important in ensuring the safety of hepatobiliary surgical procedures, including laparoscopic cholecystectomy, living donor liver transplantation, and tumor resection of the liver. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography and percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography clearly depict the biliary anatomy but are considered invasive procedures. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography is noninvasive but sometimes fails to depict the normal intrahepatic bile ducts. Multidetector computed tomography (CT) has contributed greatly to the evaluation of the normal anatomy, anatomic variants, and disease extent in this setting. With 64-channel multidetector CT, high-resolution three-dimensional images can be reconstructed from isotropic data with a 0.625-mm section thickness. Because of its capacity for thin-section scanning and multiplanar reformation, 64-channel multidetector CT cholangiography can clearly demonstrate the biliary anatomy, a variety of anatomic variants, and the extent of disease--information that is indispensable for successful hepatobiliary surgery.
Hashimoto M, Itoh K, Takeda K, Shibata T, Okada T, Okuno Y, Hino M. Evaluation of biliary abnormalities with 64-channel multidetector CT. RadioGraphics 2008; 28:119-134