Johnson PT, Horton KM, Fishman EK
American Journal of Roentgenology
The adrenal gland can enlarge or alter morphology in the presence of a range of nonneoplastic entities, including hyperplasia, hemorrhage, infection, or cystic mass. This article presents a description and representative CT images for each of these disorders. Proper characterization is essential to ensure that life-threatening sequelae from Addisonian crisis are averted in infection and hemorrhage, or to identify "leave-alone" lesions such as pseudocyst and chronic calcification.
Johnson PT, Horton KM, Fishman EK. Adrenal imaging with MDCT: Nonneoplastic disease. American Journal of Roentgenology 2009; 193:1128-1135