Radiology Journal Articles

MRI of the cranial nerves--more than meets the eye: technical considerations and advanced anatomy

Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is the method of choice to evaluate the cranial nerves. Although the skull base foramina can be seen on CT, the nerves themselves can only be visualized in detail on MR. To see the different segments of nerves I to XII, the right sequences must be used. Detailed clinical information is needed by the radiologist so th ...

Evaluation of biliary abnormalities with 64-channel multidetector CT

Precise preoperative assessment of the vascular and biliary anatomy is important in ensuring the safety of hepatobiliary surgical procedures, including laparoscopic cholecystectomy, living donor liver transplantation, and tumor resection of the liver. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography and percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography clearly depict ...

A systematic approach to the interpretation of preoperative staging MRI for rectal cancer

The purpose of this article is to provide an aid to the systematic evaluation of MRI in staging rectal cancer. MRI has been shown to be an effective tool for the accurate preoperative staging of rectal cancer. In the Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Rectal Cancer European Equivalence Study (MERCURY), imaging workshops were held for participating radi ...

Fleischner Society: Glossary of Terms for Thoracic Imaging

Members of the Fleischner Society compiled a glossary of terms for thoracic imaging that replaces previous glossaries published in 1984 and 1996 for thoracic radiography and computed tomography (CT), respectively. The need to update the previous versions came from the recognition that new words have emerged, others have become obsolete, and the mea ...

Acute gastrointestinal bleeding: emerging role of multidetector CT angiography and review of current imaging techniques

Acute gastrointestinal bleeding is a common cause of hospitalization, morbidity, and mortality in the United States. The evaluation and treatment of acute gastrointestinal bleeding are complex and often require a multispecialty approach involving gastroenterologists, surgeons, internists, emergency physicians, and radiologists. The multitude of pat ...

Patterns of contrast enhancement in the brain and meninges

Contrast material enhancement for cross-sectional imaging has been used since the mid 1970s for computed tomography and the mid 1980s for magnetic resonance imaging. Knowledge of the patterns and mechanisms of contrast enhancement facilitate radiologic differential diagnosis. Brain and spinal cord enhancement is related to both intravascular and ex ...

Neuro-ophthalmology for neuroradiologists

Combining an understanding of neuro-ophthalmologic anatomy with proper imaging techniques provides a powerful method to detect lesions involving the afferent and efferent visual pathways. Precise documentation of the extent of injury within the nervous system is becoming increasingly important to assess and monitor the effect of neurologic therapie ...

A pattern approach to the abnormal small bowel: observations at MDCT and CT enterography

Imaging of the vast array of pathologic processes occurring in the small bowel has been facilitated by recent advances, including the use of MDCT scanners that acquire isotropic data and neutral oral contrast agents that improve small-bowel distention. This review shows how a systematic pattern approach can be used to narrow the differential diagno ...

Delayed Enhancement MR Imaging: Utility in Myocardial Assessment

Use of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for diagnosis of cardiac diseases and treatment monitoring is expanding. Delayed myocardial enhancement MR imaging is performed after administration of paramagnetic contrast agents and is used for a growing number of clinical applications. This technique was developed primarily for characterization of myo ...

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