Radiology Journal Articles

Managing Incidental Thyroid Nodules Detected on Imaging: White Paper of the ACR Incidental Thyroid Findings Committee

The incidental thyroid nodule (ITN) is one of the most common incidental findings on imaging studies that include the neck. An ITN is defined as a nodule not previously detected or suspected clinically, but identified by an imaging study. The workup of ITNs has led to increased costs from additional procedures, and in some cases, to increased ris ...

Posteromedial Corner of the Knee: The Neglected Corner

The posteromedial corner of the knee (PMC) is an important anatomic structure that is easily seen but often overlooked on magnetic resonance (MR) images. Whereas the posterolateral corner has been referred to as the “dark side of the knee” by some authors owing to widespread lack of knowledge of its complex anatomy, even less is written about the P ...

Dual- and Multi-Energy CT: Principles, Technical Approaches, and Clinical Applications

In x-ray computed tomography (CT), materials having different elemental compositions can be represented by identical pixel values on a CT image (ie, CT numbers), depending on the mass density of the material. Thus, the differentiation and classification of different tissue types and contrast agents can be extremely challenging. In dual-energy CT, a ...

Imaging for Staging and Response Assessment in Lymphoma

Lymphoma comprises a heterogeneous group of diseases; remarkable advances have been made in diagnosis and treatment. Diagnostic imaging provides important information for staging and response assessment in patients with lymphoma. Over the years, staging systems have been refined, and dedicated criteria have been developed for evaluating response to ...

Contrast media controversies in 2015: imaging patients with renal impairment or risk of contrast reaction

The incidence and significance of complications related to intravascular contrast material administration have become increasingly controversial. This review will highlight current thinking regarding the imaging of patients with renal impairment and those at risk for an allergiclike contrast reaction. The risk of contrast-induced acute kidney in ...

Review of Ingested and Aspirated Foreign Bodies in Children and Their Clinical Significance for Radiologists

Ingested and aspirated foreign bodies are a common occurrence in children and are important causes of morbidity and mortality in the pediatric population. Imaging plays an important role in the diagnosis of ingested and aspirated foreign bodies in children and can be crucial to guiding the clinical management of these patients. Prompt identificatio ...

Complex Abdominal Wall Defects: Appearances at Prenatal Imaging

Abdominal wall defects are a complex group of anomalies, and many are incorrectly diagnosed. Evaluation of the defect relative to the umbilical cord insertion site is fundamentally important in differentiating among the various malformations. The two most common abdominal wall defects are gastroschisis, in which the defect is on the right side of t ...

CT of Atypical and Uncommon Presentations of Hepatocellular Carcinoma

The purpose of this article is to familiarize radiologists with uncommon presentations of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with an emphasis on the CT spectrum of atypical appearances. HCC is the fifth most common neoplasm worldwide and the second most common cause of cancer-related death. In many cases, HCC can be confidently diagnosed with noninvasi ...

Imaging Review of the Temporal Bone: Part II. Traumatic, Postoperative, and Noninflammatory Nonneoplastic Conditions

The first part of this review of the temporal bone discussed anatomy of the temporal bone as well as inflammatory and neoplastic processes in the temporal bone region (1). This second part will first discuss trauma to the temporal bone and posttraumatic complications. The indications for common surgical procedures performed in the temporal bone and ...

Anaphylactoid Reactions to the Nonvascular Administration of Water-Soluble Iodinated Contrast Media

OBJECTIVE. Anaphylactoidlike reactions occur during the nonvascular administration of iodinated contrast media. Many of these reactions have been severe. These reactions have occurred with many procedures, including gastrointestinal imaging, cystography, sialography, and hysterosalpingography. CONCLUSION. This article reviews reports of these r ...